Applied groove ring wax seal finish: The mostly employed approach to create the groove ring wax seal end on canning jars was produced making use of glass applied to the jar just below the blowpipe detachment position; glass which was then tooled to form even though however very hot and plastic. This technique is usually referred to as a "pressed laid-on ring" in canning jar terminology finish.
The otherwise formed oil bottle pictured to the still left is embossed with PURE / IMPORTED / OLIVE OIL / ALLEN & LEWIS / PORTLAND, ORE. / U. S. A. and it has the initial label stating the exact same information and facts in a more colourful (practically) trend and also noting that it absolutely was the popular Inventory Brand. This is yet another condition which is considerably carefully discovered with olive oil - not less than over the West Coastline - even though was utilised significantly less usually compared to the designs talked about higher than (Zumwalt 1980; empirical observations). Allen & Lewis began their partnership in 1861 and ongoing until a minimum of 1917 (and probably later on).
So, what do these bits of knowledge add up to? Even though the makers mark of S. G. CO. could conceivably stand for your names of many glass providers (most while in the japanese U. S.), given the approximated age of the bottle (1920s or 1930s) and the location of the diary person (south central Oregon) the initials almost unquestionably show generation by the Southern Glass Firm (L. a., CA.) which was in enterprise from 1918 to about 1930 and was called a milk bottle producer (Toulouse 1971; Lockhart et al. 2009b). Figuring out the maker narrows the production time down a tad a lot more. Having said that, the numbers around the rim from the complete are rim day codes - a bottle monitoring system employed by West Coastline glassmakers from the mid-twenties to early 1930s - indicating this bottle was designed in February ("2") of 1925 ("5").
Mouth-blown ball neck panels without mould air venting date from as early as the late 1860s till the early to mid-1880s.
Device-designed illustrations with J D S on the base day in the mid 1910s to 1920 or 1921, at which point John Duncan's Sons began working with basic, unembossed bottles of precisely the same form.
(As being a facet Be aware, the described parison development procedure Using the pressing plunger generally resulted in "washboards" or "chill marks" within the upper neck of milk bottles.
Most mouth-blown versions of such bottles show up so far in the 1880s to not less than the mid-1910s era as every one of the bottles inspected because of the creator were blown in cup-bottom molds and possess tooled finishes.
The so-named "beehive" sauce bottles pictured towards the remaining and right were being used by the E. R. Durkee & Co. (Ny) and therefore are embossed on The bottom therefore. (Photograph to the right courtesy of Glass Functions Auctions.) Click on Durkee sauce foundation to check out an image of The bottom. The pictured bottles range from seven" to 7.5" tall and may have tooled or utilized double ring finishes and proof (or not) of mildew air venting based on the time of manufacture.
The above mentioned (left) pictured case in point experienced a typical eight ounce capacity and was made by the Whitall, Tatum & Co. (Millville, NJ) from at least as early as 1879 to not less than the early 1910s (Whitall Tatum & Co. 1879, 1892, 1909, 1924). It truly is embossed to the front (or higher aspect although laying down) with ACME NURSING / (six sided star with WT&CO inside) / BOTTLE. Click 1879 catalog to check out an illustration from the Whitall, Tatum & Co. bottle catalog from that calendar year demonstrating the ACME "bent neck, spherical bottom" nursing bottle together with numerous other models that the corporation made. This pictured bottle contains a tooled one component bead finish and was blown in a real two-piece mold with air venting indicating a likely 1890 to 1910 manufacture.
Utilized finishes were being significantly unheard of (and replaced by tooled finishes) on most other bottle sorts beginning within the late 1870s for more compact bottles and also the mid-1880s for more substantial bottles. (This subject is reviewed in depth about the Bottle Finishes website page.)
The horizontally ribbed sauce pictured for the left can be an early machine-manufactured item that also experienced virtually equivalent mouth-blown counterparts. These ended up called "ring pepper sauce" or "oval ring pepper sauce" bottles through the probably dozens of various early twentieth century glass makers that manufactured the style. This specific case in point provides a the "I inside of a diamond" maker's mark for the Illinois Glass Organization (Alton, IL.) and sure dates from the mid-1910s as this design was shown in their 1911 catalog but not during the 1920 or 1925 editions. This oval (in cross-section) type was well known from your late 1890s by means of at the very least the late twenties and early 1930s (Illinois Glass 1899, 1911, 1920, 1925; Cumberland Glass 1911; Fairmount Glass ca.
CHAs. GULDEN / Ny - This is certainly embossed on a person aspect of a bulbous bodied mustard bottle from this well-known condiments organization. This bottle was undoubtedly employed for mustard; the Gulden brand is still being created today while now packaged (sadly) in plastic. It's a broad bore to aid extraction with the merchandise, a tooled just one-part end (like most mustards), blown within a cup-bottom mildew, and sure has air venting although that isn't certain (graphic off eBay®). From these capabilities it can be sensible to conclude the bottle dates someplace concerning the late 1880s to early 1910s.
(This is the craze that was common with a lot of bottles varieties [e.g., liquor, beer, soda bottles].) This subtle development is revealed moderately perfectly in the comparison of the sections pics. Even though this trend is actual and can be observed, This is a dating diagnostic feature challenging to use with out intensive expertise Using these kind bottles.
Observations via the author of mouth-blown pickle bottles has indicated that Those people designed right after about 1895 usually Use a cup-bottom mildew conformation; All those built prior to that time usually Have a very submit-bottom mould conformation. (Begin to see the Bottle Bases site For more info.) Click on perspective of the base and sides to look at The bottom and sides top article showing (vaguely) the cup-bottom mold conformation. (Images from eBay®.)